Scopitone was a French company that made "video jukeboxes" for bars and restaurants.  They made them following World War II and many of them utilized discarded airplane parts!

The synchronization of the sound and the color 16MM film made them very popular inn Europe and the first 50 machines came to the U.S. in 1960 and there were more than 500 by 1964.  Many of the early stars recorded films for these jukeboxes including Nancy Sinatra, Dionne Warwick and many early rock groups.

By far the most famous Scopitone video made in the U.S. was Neil Sedaka's "Calendar Girl," 1961.  Take a look at it below.  Sure it is cheesy, and yes it is sixty years old but look how remarkable the color and image quality was.

Was this the first hit U.S. music video?  Judge for yourself!