New York State Environmental Conservation officials are issuing guidance on how New Yorkers can avoid conflicts with coyotes as spring temperatures rise and the animals increase foraging.  Eastern coyotes have established populations throughout most of New York State, including suburban and urban areas. The State Department of Environmental Conservation is reminding residents that coyotes should be treated with respect and common sense. Coyotes tend to be territorial around den sites this time of year when their pups are born and into midsummer as they forage to feed their young. DEC officials are recommending steps to take to avoid run-ins with coyotes. These include keeping pet food indoors and making garbage inaccessible. New Yorkers also are advised not to allow pets to run free. Small dogs and cats are especially vulnerable to coyotes.